Refining (optimizing) a Design

A design can be anything, an electronic circuit or an association of individuals

A design consists of components

Each component itself consists of components

The shape and function of each component potentially affects the shape and function of every other

Refining a design consists of iteratively revisiting design elements to optimize shape and function

Design iteration cycles between top and bottom (overview and details)

After a component’s design is refined, associated component designs need to be re-optimized.

As components are optimized, the design becomes more compact and efficient.

Compact & efficient = powerful.